Ask The Expert 

Dr. Pranati Kumar, is a senior Gynaecologist with an MBBS and DGO degree. She is currently working in J.P Hospital and has completed her education from Government Medical College and Hospital in Nagpur. Dr. Pranati has 30 years of experience in her field.

Puberty is a beautiful phase of every girl. Puberty s the time when you grow from a girl to a young woman. It can be exciting, but it indeed is a very unsettling phase in a girl’s life. Unfortunately, it is still a part of shame for many. It is a fact that only less than 30% of girls are well aware of the development changes occurring in their body.  Puberty sometimes leads to irregular periods, hygiene-related diseases, premenstrual syndrome and stress in younger girls. Here we are to make you understand the importance of it and how to handle problems associated with this. If you are a parent, let's understand it.

Q: What is a Period ?

 

Periods are hormonal changes in the body. Hormones are chemical messengers. The ovaries release the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus (or womb) to build up. The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach and start developing. If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds. Then the same process happens all over again. It usually takes about a month for the lining to build up, and then break down. That is why most girls and women get their periods around once a month.

 

Q: What are the signs of puberty?

 

  • Growing taller

  • Breasts and hips get bigger

  • Hair grows on your body

  • Periods start

  • Vaginal discharge begins

  • Spots and sweat appear

  • Mood swing

  • Acne 

  • Voice changes 

 

Q: When Should I Talk to My Kids About Periods?

 

Make sure you are sharing information with them at the right age. Educating 5-7 year olds is not the same as talking to 10+ kids. Kids are always curious. Sometime they ask questions about:

  • Puberty or changing bodies

  • Where babies come from

  • Sanitary pads

 

Gradually explain to them about the natural process. If you don't feel comfortable talking to your kids about periods, make sure they have another way to get this information. Maybe watching a video or reading a book together would be easier. You can ask your doctor, nurse, school counselor, or a trusted family member to talk to your child.

 

 

Q: What is PMS?

 

PMS (premenstrual syndrome) is when a girl has emotional and physical symptoms that occur before or during her period. These symptoms can include moodiness, sadness, anxiety, bloating, and acne. They go away after the first few days of the period.